Mickey's story begins in 1928, when Walter Elias Disney (in art Walt Disney), after founding together with his brother Roy, a cartoon production studio, came up with his first character which he initially called Mortimer Mouse, but later, at the suggestion of his wife, he renamed it with the name of Mickey Mouse (in Italy it was called Mickey Mouse). This is a mouse (a
topolino precisely) which was initially characterized with large round ears and with very thin arms and legs.
He wore red shorts with two yellow buttons, yellow shoes and glovesthe. The first cartoon of their production, also made possible thanks to the collaboration of the designer friend Ub Iwerks, it was entitled "Streamboat Willie"and featured Mickey and his girlfriend Minnie. It was presented in a New York cinema and made use of a nice musical comment in excellent synchrony with the animated scenes. And to think that after this preview, the producer
Louis B. Mayer (certainly not a talent-scout), he didn't want to contract Disney, as he thought that Mickey Mouse, seen as a big mouse on the screen, would terrify people! Later, the Disney studio continued to produce cartoons and thanks to the series of "Silly symphonies"(" Merry symphonies "), where they appeared Wolf Ezekiel and the three little pigs, in 1933 he won the first of the 31 Oscar awards he would receive throughout his career.
Oswald the rabbit
Mickey Mouse was created in 1928 to replace the character of Oswald, the lucky rabbit, taken from Walt Disney against his will. This rabbit, created in early 1927 behind Iwerks' pencil, was produced by Disney studios under contract with Charles B. Mintz and distributed by Universal Pictures. Almost a year after its existence, Oswald becomes popular and starts earning his authors. In February 1928, Walt Disney traveled to New York to negotiate with Mintz a larger share of each film's revenue. But he is stunned when this businessman tells him that he not only wants to cut production costs, but that he wants most of his main animators under contract. Mintz threatens Disney to create their own studio if they don't agree to cut production costs. Furthermore, Universal, and not Disney, which holds, (due to a deceptive contract naively signed by Walt), the Oswald the Rabbit trademark, which means that it can very well do without him to make its own films. . Disney refuses and leaves New York on March 13, 1928, to return to Los Angeles after three weeks of negotiations with Winkler. Walt loses most of his animation team. He, Iwerks and some "faithful" (including Clark) then secretly began working on a new character to replace Oswald the Rabbit while the rest of the group continued the production of Oswald. Among the animators who will not leave, some did not trust the birth of this new character like Johnny Cannon. Walt will never forget this setback and will take care in the future to ensure ownership of the rights to any of his creations.
Walt Disney biographers do not entirely agree on the exact time of Mickey's creation and several dates circulate. Thierry Steff in Happy Birthday, Mickey Mouse! He was forced to reconstruct the possible agendas of the year 1928 according to the statements made by many of the protagonists of the time, but without being able to define a precise story. The dates fluctuate between the end of January and May 21, 1928, when Walt filed the trademark to register Mickey Mouse. The story goes that Walt drew a mouse on his return from New York, nicknamed Mickey Mouse by his wife, and that the drawing is based on two large circles for the head and body, two smaller ones for the ears. , unstyled tubes for arms and legs, big feet in shoes. It is then drawn by Iwerks.
For Leonard Mosley, Walt Disney drew a draft of a new character on a train that brought him back to California, just after Pasadena. Upon his return, he asks Ub Iwerks to work on creating this new character. In interviews with Pierre Lambert, Walt claims he designed a mouse directly on the train while Iwerks states in an interview that he did Mickey after many attempts after other drafts Walt rejected: frog, dog, cat. For Bob Thomas, the authentic birth would go back "to a happy collaboration between Walt Disney and Ub IWerk, the first to give him his voice and his personality, the second to characterize him in his figure and movement".
Michael Barrier is more vague and quotes Lilian Disney, who recalls in 1956 that "Walt was talking to himself during the journey about kittens, mice and the like, and after questioning him decided that the mouse would be a good idea. Barrier also quotes Walt. Disney declaring a few years later, somewhat like a legend, that he chose a mouse because the Laugh-O-Gram studio, where he worked in Kansas City in the early 1920s, was invaded by these little rodents, just like the animated films of the time and they had tried to tame one. He pointed out that Paul Terry had a couple of mice, a very sober drawing, very close to Mickey and Minnie. Mickey is first of all a cartoon character, created in 1928, after Walt Disney had to leave his first character to the rabbit with his producer Oswald. The first shorts were mainly animated by Ub Iwerks of Walt Disney Studios. Later he was a cartoon character. He represents a top or anthropomorphic and has become the emblem of the Disney house. Iwerks created it from three circles for the head, to facilitate animation. However, Oswald the Rabbit and Mickey Mouse had the same physiognomy at first, with the only exception being the ears. An affront, in some way to those who had stolen the character.
Mickey Mouse in the world of comics
Mickey Mouse made his first appearance in the world of comics in 1930. He was immediately represented as an intelligent, optimistic and courageous character. Thanks to his intuitions Mickey Mouse is an extraordinary detective, but also an adventure character capable with the sole use of reason (and not force) to overwhelm enemies, physically much stronger than him (for example, Wooden leg). Mickey Mouse does not have a very specific job, he collaborates as a private investigator with the Topolinia police, but he often willingly arranges himself with other jobs. He lives in an American-style house, surrounded by a beautiful garden, in the city of Topolinia. The first publications of Mickey Mouse were truly comic masterpieces and made use of the great artist Floyd Gottfredson. To remember the stories: "Mickey Mouse and the mystery of the Black Spot","Mickey look-alike of King Sorcio","Mickey and the lead gang","Mickey Mouse journalist","Mickey and the mystery of the cloud man","Mickey and the Specter gorilla","Mickey Mouse in the Stone Age". Over time, Mickey Mouse has evolved graphically. Now he wears long red pants, a blue shirt with short sleeves, yellow shoes paired with gloves of the same color. In 1940 Mickey Mouse was one of the protagonists of what film critics called the best cartoon of all time: Fantasy fabric. But at its debut in cinemas, this animated film was not welcomed by many acclaim, in fact the attempt to visualize classical music (cultured) with the use of cartoons (poor art) was seen as a real cultural crime . Mickey's apprentice sorcerer is here the helper of a powerful wizard who, taking possession of his magic hair, manages to animate brooms, but loses control of his magic and creates a "sea" of troubles.
Mickey's success is undoubtedly due to all the characters who accompanied him in his stories, first of all Goofy, his best and inseparable friend. In the American original Pippo was called Goofy, what does it mean "silly, funny"and certainly this nickname is very apt given his personality. In fact, Pippo, unlike Mickey, is perpetually distracted, ready to make some trouble. Despite everything, more than once he has managed to solve the intricate situations that have seen him protagonist. Pippo is a good, sensitive and poetic character. In a story that saw him having fun making soap bubbles, while Mickey was desperate for more practical problems, it was noted that Pippo had developed more his right brain hemisphere (that of creativity and of art), while Mickey, being more pragmatic, must have developed more the left cerebral hemisphere (that of rationality, intuition and practical sense), this makes us understand how these characters complement each other. Pippo was created in 1932 with the cartoon
Mickey's Revue. The characterization of the character is due to the animator Art Babbitt, but it was in 1936 that Bill Walsh e Floyd Gottfredsonmade him the goofy we all know. Thanks to the American superhero vein, which was strong especially after the war, Pippo gave rise to his alter ego: Super Pippo. The idea came from the American screenwriter Del connell
that in 1965, in a story against "Black spot", accidentally drank a strange fuel invented by Archimedes Pythagorean for a device of his own invention, capable of identifying the bandits. In that story, however, Pippo was only convinced that he had received super powers. It was following the success of that story, who decided to invent Pippo as a real Superhero and turn him into Super Goof (called by us Super Goofy). Dressed in a red leotard, similar to a pajama and with a blue cape. In American publications it has a "G" on the chest while in Italian publications it has an "S". Goofy turns into Super Goofy after eating special peanuts (including peel), which he grows in his garden and which he hides in his inseparable hat. It has powers similar to those of Superman, such as superhuman strength, stratospheric speed, X-ray gaze and much more depending on the difficulties it encounters.
As we mentioned at the beginning, Mickey Mouse since his first appearance, is accompanied by his sweet girlfriend Minnie. This character has always embodied the female figure of our society and while changing attitudes with the passing of fashions, Minnie has always remained sweet, sensitive, combative and with a strong temperament, despite the fact that in her first appearance she plays the role of the defenseless woman, as the female figure was stereotyped in that period. Its graphic and psychological characterization is due to the cartoonist, Floyd Gottfredson who managed to create a character complementary to Mickey Mouse and not subordinate to his great personality. Minnie appears in the stories of Mickey Mouse, in most cases while cooking some cake, while having tea with her friend Clarabelle (an anthropomorphic cow) or while she is intent on organizing some initiative (parties, sales for charity, etc ... ). Always the couple of Mickey and Minnie represents that of eternal boyfriends. Despite not having children, in the Mickey Mouse stories, very often two twin mice appear; I'm Tip: e Tap, his grandchildren. They first appeared in 1932 in the comic Mickey's Nephews, designed by Floyd Gottfredson, while in the world of cartoons they made their debut in 1934 with Mickey and the stone crusher (Mickey's Steamroller). Tip and Tap, graphically resemble Uncle Mickey Mouse and wear "sailor" dresses with a hat on their head. They are intelligent, lively, curious and above all in the first stories, they underline Mickey's inability to keep them at bay (a little like all adults towards children). In contrast to Tip and Tap, Minnie's granddaughter Melody is opposed, with whom they often and willingly have deep dislikes.
The joy of Tip and Tap is born when they meet Pluto, Mickey's dog. He is a very affectionate, loyal, sensitive, curious dog and very often makes trouble, but in many stories he has helped Mickey Mouse to catch the thief on duty, thanks also to his infallible nose. It made its debut in 1930 as part of the Mickey Mouse Cartoon series. Pluto also reflects a stylistic contradiction of the characters, in fact it is a dog that behaves like a dog (instead of speaking it barks), while Goofy, Mickey and all the others are anthropomorphic animals, who speak and behave as humans normally do.
Among these characters, not only humanized animals appear, but also men from the future like Age Beta
(Eaga Beeva) created by Bill Walsh e Floyd Gottfredson in 1947. His first story was entitled "Eta Beta, the man of 2000". It is a very strange creature with a thin body and a strange triangular head, with hands to feet equipped with a single finger and an unlikely nose. He precedes each word with the letter "p", feeds on mothballs (which he calls p-mothballs) and is able to predict the future and read minds. But the most absurd thing about this character is that from his tiny black kilt, he manages to pull out all kinds of objects: wardrobes, washing machines, hammers, ironing boards, paintings, etc., and he also sleeps comfortably, in a perfect horizontal position. , above the knob of a bed. Eta Beta is accompanied in its stories by an equally strange little dog, called Flip. It has the property of understanding whether people are telling the truth or lying and can force them not to tell lies.
But who are Mickey's enemies? First
Peter Gambadilegno, his number one enemy. More than a professional thief, he is a "bad guy", since in his adventures he has played various roles, from the classic thief, to the gangster, to the forger, to the dog catcher, or even to the police chief (see the cartoon of 1936, Moving Day).
Gambadilegno fan art designed by GilP
Gambadilegno is Walt Disney
With his imposing stature, his massive size and his arrogance, Gambadilegno has a personality that frightens everyone, except Mickey, always ready to ridicule him by catching him "red-handed" in some shady enterprise. At his debut Gambadilegno actually had a wooden leg, but in a 1942 story "Mickey and the Woodman" claims to have replaced it with a prosthesis. Now he walks and runs as if nothing had happened. Since 1960 Gambadilegno has been accompanied by a female figure called Trudy, similar to him in size and akin to the fraudulent soul. A strong jealousy distinguishes her from her partner. Another very mysterious and intriguing character that gives the Mickey Mouse stories the characteristic of the yellow genre - detective and Black spot, a brilliant thug who wears a black sheet and signs his messages with a smudge of black ink. Makes his first appearance in 1939 with the masterpiece story " Mickey Mouse and the mystery of the Black Spot". It's kind of Diabolik, able to invent ingenious equipment for the purpose of stealing precious objects. Unlike Gambadilegno, he has a very fine mind that puts Mickey's intuition to the test.Other adventure companions
Other very important characters should be remembered, such as the police chief of Topolinia, Commissioner Basettoni and his faithful helper Throttle, who blindly trusts Mickey Mouse when it comes to solving very intricate cases.Then there is Hook, the straight a talking magpie friend of Mickey, very clever and intelligent, protagonist of beautiful stories written by Romano Scarpa from the 60s onwards (his friend then joined Gancio Gross). The success of Mickey and his friends is also due to the fact that in all these years many of the Disney characters have modernized in the way of dressing and their adventures have adapted to the times. This secret makes it still today one of the most read comics in the world.
Mickey Mouse cartoons from 1928 to 1940
Steamboat Willie (1928)
First screened in November 1928, Steamboat Willie is the third cartoon produced by Walt Disney and was the one that brought the Mickey Mouse character to the general public. In the short film the characters of Minnie and Gambadilegno appear, not for the first time, in a story created as a parody of the film "Steamboat Bill Jr." by Buster Keaton. Here is the plot: Mickey is driving a boat, whose captain is Gambadilegno. While driving, Mickey is sent directly into the hold of the boat by a kick from the captain because he must prepare to get a cow on the ship. Minnie, who has remained ashore because her boyfriend Mickey has forgotten to let her get on with him, chases the boat on which she will be able to get on thanks to a crane. Meanwhile, a goat, after eating a musical score, is used by the couple as an organ that produces a melody on which the two will improvise a dance together. Taken by the music, Mickey Mouse becomes the conductor of a rather particular orchestra, made up of animals that sing with their verses to the rhythm of the music. Gambadilegno, realizing that Mickey Mouse is dancing with Minnie, decides to move him away and sends him to the hold, where he ends up peeling potatoes, mocked by a parrot. The closing scene sees Mickey Mouse throw a potato at the parrot who is teasing him. The production of the short film cost Walt Disney Productions $ 4.986 and the time it took to make it was three months. The short film Steamboat Willi was the first to be made with the synchronized sound technique, a technique that contributed to its success, obtained from the first viewing that took place at the end of the screening of the film Gang War, in the New York cinema Colony Theater. In Italy, however, the short film was broadcast for the first time in 1980. Currently, since 1998, the film is kept in Washington DC at the Library of Congress, in the National Film Registry. Over time, the Steamboat Willie setting has been repeatedly revived by Disney in several Mickey Mouse cartoons and comics.
The crazy plane (1928)
Mickey Mouse wants to become an aviation pioneer, and emulate Charles Lindbergh's recent feat. He tries to build himself a plane with the items at his disposal in the barn of his farm. Minnie, Mickey's girlfriend shares her passion for aviation. Mickey manages to get her to board for her first flight, but when she starts the engine, she is quickly ejected. Take-off follows disturbed by the presence of a cow on the path of the airplane taking off. Finally in the air, Mickey Mouse tries to kiss Minnie. Minnie pushes him away and jumps off the plane with the parachute. Mickey is distracted by all this and loses control of the plane which goes mad.
Mickey gaucho (The Gallopin 'Gaucho) 1928
Mickey Mouse is a gaúcho riding a rhea in the Argentine pampas. He stops at Cantina Argentina, a place that serves both bar and restaurant. Mickey Mouse wants to have a drink and smoke a cigar. The waitress and dancer Minnie Mouse and another customer are already present. The latter is Black Pete (Pietro Gambadilegno) a wanted outlaw. Minnie begins to dance and her performance fuels the desires of the audience who fight to dance with her. Pietro kidnaps Minnie and tries to escape on horseback. Mickey follows him on his rhea and begins a sword fight. Mickey wins the duel and escapes with Minnie on the rhea.
The two knights of Minnie (1929)
At a party, on the occasion of the "traditional" dance in front of the barn, Minnie is approached by two suitors Topolino and Pietro Gambadilegno. Their two vehicles are parked near the Minnie's house to take her dancing. Mickey prepares his cart while Pietro arrives with his new car.
Minnie chooses to go with Pietro to return to the party. The car has an accident and Minnie accepts Mickey's invitation to avoid being late.
Mickey and Minnie are dancing together, but Mickey is a disastrous dancer and can't help but crush his dance partner's feet. Minnie refuses to continue with a second dance with him. Accept the proposal to dance with Pietro, who is a much better dancer.
Mickey tries to solve his problem by putting a balloon in his pants. This apparently allows her to have a "light foot" and offer Minnie another kind of dance. Minnie accepts and is surprised by Mickey's new dancing skills. Pietro discovers Mickey's deception and communicates it to Minnie, who, disgusted by the means used by Mickey, abandons him to go back to dance with Pietro. In the final scene, Mickey finds himself crying on the edge of the dance floor.
Mickey's train (1929)
Mickey's Train, original title "Mickey's Choo-Choo", is Disney's tenth short film about little Mickey Mouse, released on June 26, 1929, lasting almost 7 minutes. The characters in the short film are Mickey and Minnie. Mickey Mouse is the driver of a train, drawn in a funny way and in such a way as to be very nice to children. While he drives the locomotive, Minnie starts playing the violin and Mickey, carried away by the sweet music, starts dancing on the tracks in the station. Still dancing, our protagonist returns to the train car which comes alive and starts dancing with him. The dance causes him to lose control of the train, the carriage Minnie is on detaches from the rest of the train and starts running wildly. Mickey, realizing the problem, immediately stops dancing and sets off in pursuit of the detached wagon to reassemble the train and save his girlfriend. The conclusion, after various ups and downs, is the best: Minnie is safe. The short film, made with the technique of mono and black and white sound, is directed by Ub Iwerks and Walt Disney, who is also the voice actor of his main character, Mickey Mouse; Minnie is voiced by Marcellite Garner. The animations are by Ben Sharpsteen and the music that accompanies the adventures of the characters is by Carl Stalling, an American composer who worked not only for Disney but also for Warner Bros creating music for the Looney Toones. Curiosity: the creation of Mickey Mouse's character, Mickey Mouse, came to Walt Disney's mind because, while he was working bent over his desk, he saw mice climbing up and running along it. This ignited his creative imagination and the lucky character was born who today is part of the common imagination not only of children but also of adults, who grew up with Mickey Mouse cartoons and comics. Not everyone knows, however, that initially its creator wanted to call Mickey Mouse with the name of Mortimer. It was his wife who suggested that Walt Disney find a more sympathetic name, considering Mortimer a somewhat harsh name. Thus was born Mickey Mouse.
Mickey violinist (1930)
It is a short film released on March 14 or April 21, 1930, where Mickey is a solo violin who plays different melodies. The songs are Rossini's William Tell overture, Robert Schumann's Reverie and Franz Liszt's Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2.
Mickey's picnic (1930)
A short film made in 1930 and released on November 14 of the same year, Il Pic-nic di Mickey Mouse is the film, lasting just under 7 minutes, in which the character of Pluto appears for the first time. Minnie and Mickey Mouse, designed in a rudimentary way and completely different from the modern ones, leave for a picnic on the hill on Mickey's car in a cheerful whistle, together with their beloved dog, Pluto in fact very affectionate. He combines many troubles by chasing two little squirrels while his masters embark on a couple ballet, completely forgetting the food they have placed on a tablecloth on the grass, in perfect American style. Many small animals take advantage of their distraction and eat and steal everything a little at a time. Minnie, Mickey and Pluto, engaged in their activities, do not notice anything but, suddenly, a storm forces everyone to go home with an empty stomach. The direction of the short film is by Burt Gillett, the music is by Carl Stalling while the animators are four: Johnny Cannon, Les Clark, Frenchy De Tremaudan and Norman Ferguson. Walt Disney lends, as on other occasions, his voice to Mickey Mouse as well as Minnie's voice is that of Marcellite Garner. Originally, the short film was made in black and white but subsequently the film was colored. As mentioned, Pluto first appeared here, whose name was however Rover; not everyone knows that, initially, Pluto was Minnie's dog and only later did his owner become, definitively, Mickey Mouse. The character of Pluto appears very often alongside his master and always proves to be a faithful dog, who loves and is loved by Mickey Mouse, even if he is a real troublemaker. The characteristic of Pluto is that he has no voice, remaining his character faithful to his being an animal that simply barks, unlike other Disney characters with speech, such as Mickey himself. The same characteristic is of Donald's cat, Malachi.
Mickey driver (1931)
Mickey is a taxi driver. He accompanies Percy Pig who is lost in the street, then Minnie who has to arrive on time for her music class.
Mickey goes for a walk (1931)
"Mickey Goes Out for a Walk", original title "Mickey Steps Out", was released on June 22, 1931 and stars Mickey, his girlfriend Minnie and the faithful troublemaker Pluto. Mickey leaves the house accompanied by his friend Pluto to fetch Minnie for a romantic outing. Arriving on the doorstep of his house, he stays for a few seconds to listen to Minnie's sweet voice singing while playing the piano at the same time. Immediately after, with a loving look, he decides to enter his beloved's house and begins to dance while she continues to play. Meanwhile, Pluto remains outside arguing with a cat until the two litigators enter Minnie's house and the fight continues in every corner of the house. Result: Minnie's furniture and objects are destroyed, including the piano she is playing and which Pluto sneaks into to catch the mischievous cat. Finally, after all the troubles already combined, Pluto will crash into the stove, breaking it. The soot will dirty everyone, spreading like real rain. The short film "Mickey Mouse goes for a walk" is directed by Burt Gillett, has a duration of about 7 minutes and is made in black and white. The music of the short film is curated, once again, by Carl Stalling. Walt Disney plays his part in making the film as Mickey's voice, along with Marcellite Garner who lends hers to Minnie. The dubbing duo has repeatedly starred together in Mickey Mouse shorts, playing the two most beloved characters of the audience. Pluto, in his barking, also has a voice actor, Pinto Colvig. The animator of the short film is Ub Iwerk, who was one of Walt Disney's best friends until success divided them. Ub Iwerk, in fact, worked side by side with Walt Disney to give life, graphically speaking, to the characters he designed. Over time, however, the friendship broke and the company was dissolved. About ten years later Ub Iwerk returned to work at Disney, this time dealing with the development of technological innovations in terms of graphics for the creation of cartoons.
Merry Christmas Mickey Mouse (1932)
Dating from December 17, 1932, the short film "Merry Christmas Mickey Mouse" (Mickey's Good Deed) has a duration of 6 minutes and is made in black and white, although it was later restored to color. The story is set, as the title itself suggests, in the Christmas period and revolves around the theme of solidarity and altruism. In fact, as the party approaches, Mickey feels very sad to see Pietro Gambadilegno's large family, too poor to be able to spend a Christmas full of delights to eat and gifts to unwrap. Mickey Mouse wants to help the family have a happier Christmas by giving them gifts. The problem is that he has no money: he has to find a way to earn it quickly. He meets a rather spoiled child who sees Pluto and who wants at all costs to get that dog and take it with him. In order to help the members of the Gambadilegno family, Mickey decides to sell his beloved dog to that child in exchange for the money needed by the family to enjoy the Christmas holidays to the fullest. The child takes Pluto with him and Mickey Mouse watches him go away reluctantly but with happiness in his heart because he can help the family: he enters his house disguised as Santa Claus and fills the socks with gifts. But, you know, spoiled children soon get bored with new toys and Pluto's new little owner decides he's had enough of having a dog and sends him away. Pluto was waiting for nothing else: very happy, he runs madly to reach Mickey Mouse, who welcomes him with open arms, extremely happy to be able to have his four-legged friend back with him who had never forgotten his master while the spoiled child played with he. A story of good feelings that shows how goodness is rewarded. The animator who made the drawings for the short film is Ub Iwerks, while its director is Burt Gillett. Mickey's voice is from Walt Disney and Pluto's is from Pinto Colving, also famous for voicing another lucky Disney character, Goofy.
Mickey Mouse in the land of giants (1933)
"Mickey Mouse in the land of giants", original title "Giantland", is a short film released in November of the year 1933, initially in black and white, only to be colored. Its duration is just over 7 minutes, directed by Burt Gillet and animations by Dick Huemer. As in other cases, Mickey's voice is that of Walt Disney. Here is the plot: Mickey is at home with all his grandchildren who are clamoring for him to tell them a story. Uncle Mickey then decides to narrate his adventure. Once, while out for a walk, he came across a beanstalk so tall that he couldn't see the end of it. So he decides to climb on it and, having reached the top, he finds himself in the Land of the Giants. A giant butterfly takes him on the back and leads him in front of a gigantic door. While looking inside from the slot of the lock, the king of the giants arrives, returning from work, a resident of the house; Mickey, frightened, dives inside through the lock and hides in the sugar bowl. But it is not safe, the giant takes it with a spoon and throws it in his coffee! Mickey manages to escape from the cup and hides in a nice piece of cheese but, in doing so, ends up in a sandwich and is eaten by the giant. He struggles with peas, hiccups and water to stay in his mouth and not be swallowed, but it's not over. The giant decides to smoke a pipe. A few puffs and he realizes that something is wrong: Mickey Mouse is discovered and begins the mouse hunt throughout the house. Mickey is almost trapped but, with cunning, creates a catapult of pepper, which ends up right in the face of the giant. The spice, breathed in by the landlord, causes him to sneeze so hard that it destroys the house. Mickey is now free to escape but the furious giant chases him down the beanstalk. Thanks to a match, Mickey sets the bean plant on fire and the giant falls, creating a real chasm. Mickey is safe. The story is over and the little mice grandchildren laugh happily.
Mickey Mouse hero of the West (1934)
"Mickey Mouse Hero of the West" is a Disney short film starring Mickey Mouse, first made in black and white and then transformed to make it color, released in December 1934, whose original title is "Two-Gun Mickey". Minnie is in her carriage, pulled by two horses, traveling on a bumpy and deserted road. He arrives in front of a small lake and his horses are perplexed: they absolutely do not want to cross the water. One of the two makes a timid attempt by putting a hoof in the pond but nothing to do, after looking at each other the two animals decide to freeze. Minnie, then, gets off the carriage to spur them on but a push of them makes her fall into the water. Mickey arrives on horseback and makes fun of Minnie, the beautiful foreigner, for falling into the water. Immediately after, however, he offers her his help and, despite the annoyance of the beautiful Minnie, Mickey's horse drinks all the water from the pond to leave the passage free. The scene moves to a small town in the old West, where Minnie arrives at a bank to withdraw money. Here he has a bad encounter: Pietro Gambadilegno, a wanted villain on whom there is a bounty of 1000 dollars. The bandit wants to steal Minnie's money and sets off in his pursuit by gathering all his thieving friends. The cowboy Mickey Mouse, from the top of a promontory on which he is fantasizing thinking about the beautiful young lady he had just met and with whom he seems to have already fallen in love, sees her running on his chariot followed by bandits and sets off to help him on horseback. Obstacles on the way destroy Minnie's chariot which is reached and caught by Gambadilengo. Meanwhile, Mickey has joined the other bandits and a gun battle has started which sees him as the winner. He immediately reaches Gambadilegno who has Minnie as hostage; a fight begins between the two and, just when it seems that Gambadilegno is about to get the better, the situation turns around and Mickey Mouse manages to save Minnie, who now looks at him with sweet eyes. A duration of about 9 minutes directed by David Hand. Les Clark, Hamilton Luske and Wolfgang Reitherman are the three animators of the short film, whose music is edited by Leigh Harline.
Mickey's firefighters (1935)
"Mickey's Fire Brigade" is the original title of the short film by Mickey, called in Italy "The Firefighters of Mickey", which features three really messy firefighters: Mickey, voiced as always by Walt disney, Donald Duck, whose voice is by Clarence Nash and Pippo, who has the same voice actor as Pluto or Pinto Colvig. The fire that broke out in a building is causing panic, people are running here and there but do not worry: three exceptional firefighters arrive. Mickey is driving the truck, Donald is carried up the ladder and Pippo is hooked to the truck, albeit with some difficulty, with his single-wheel bicycle. They arrive at their destination and a problem already arises: they take the water hose to attach to the fountain and, after having rolled Goofy and an enraged Donald Duck into it, Mickey attaches Goofy's foot to the fountain instead of the end of the hose, arousing the his own laugh. Donald sling into the building but the flames get the better of him, just as the smoke knocks Pippo to the carpet by punching him. Mickey is left alone to struggle with the water pipe. Result? Suddenly the water comes out with all its force throwing Mickey Mouse left and right, who while flying in the air does everything to put out the flames; these, however, make fun of him. The three protagonists will face many vicissitudes in their adventure as firefighters, between flames playing the piano and holding the ax, flying furniture setting the table for breakfast and spiteful stairs that prevent Mickey from doing his duty as a firefighter. Clarabelle also appears here, as a tenant who is bathing in her house; the firefighters want to save her but the company is not easy, she believes they are thieves. The final scene sees Clarabelle fighting, in the meadow, with the three unfortunates. Five are the animators of the film: Paul Allen, Myron Natwick, Fred Spencer, Bill Tytla and Cy Young. Directed by Ben Sharpsteen and the music that accompanies the misadventures of the three heroes is by Bert Lewis. The short film "I Pompieri di Mickey Mouse", Disney's 78th short film about Mickey Mouse, dates back to 1935 and was released in color.
Mickey conductor (1936)
Mickey Mouse, dressed in tails, is behind the curtain of a theater full of people and Pluto disturbs him; sent away by Mickey Mouse, he goes behind the scenes to take a nap but is disturbed by a bunny who is in a hat. That hat is actually a magic cylinder and Pluto starts bickering with the rabbit, which then turns into two rabbits, and with the doves suddenly flying out of it: a real battle begins between the dog and the magic. Meanwhile, the conductor Mickey Mouse starts the show. A sound of trumpets and violin accompanies Clara, a soprano hen, who begins to sing until she is joined by her lover, Donald Duck, who enters the scene making a tumble. During the show, the magic hat leads Pluto directly onto the stage, arousing the ire of Mickey and the musicians who chase him away loudly; but that's not enough. In order to follow the magic cylinder, Pluto returns to the scene and the irreparable happens: the hat begins to make trouble and Pluto with him. Doves and rabbits come out of the trombone, a frog, chased by Pluto, chases Donald who ends up hitting the singing hen with his wooden sword: from the top of the scene the hen jumps into the air, falling back on the cardboard scaffolding and making collapse the whole scenography. The show ends, on a destroyed stage, with a shrill of the hen, accompanied by Donald and Pluto, amid the laughter of the audience. The short film "Mickey's conductor", original title "Mickey's Grand opera", was released on 7 March 1936 and is the short film on Mickey Mouse number 83. A duration of just over 7 minutes for a color film made by two animators, Les Clark and Dick Lundy. Directed by David Hand while the music on which the entire short film is based is by Leigh Harline; the latter began to compose soundtracks for the cinema precisely because he was encouraged by Walt Disney. Among the films that have his music as background are those of "Guillermo del Toro's Pinocchio" and of "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs". The voices of the protagonists of the short film are by Walt Diney (Mickey Mouse), Clarence Nash (Donald Duck), Pinto Colvig (Pluto) and Florence Gill (Clara).
Moose hunting (1937)
"Moose Hunting", original title "Moose Hunters", is the ninety-second short film made by Disney about Mickey and features, together with Mickey himself, Donald and Goofy. The entire short film, about 8 minutes, revolves around the misadventures of the three friends who decide to go hunting for elk, although they are not skilled hunters. The first to spot a moose is Mickey Mouse, who, in order to catch it, decides to blend in with nature, disguising himself as a bush. The moose, however, immediately realizes his stratagem and the operation does not go well. Another technique is adopted by Donald and Goofy who, in the meantime, have spotted another moose: they decide to disguise themselves as a female moose to attract the animal. Their ploy works well enough to attract two moose, both in love with the female moose played by Donald Duck, Goofy and Mickey, who joined them after his failed attempt. The two animals in love collide and fight each other, with blows of horns, for the conquest of the female but something goes wrong: the disguise is unmasked. Goofy, Donald and Mickey have no choice, they must flee. The only way to do this is to get back into the boat quickly and escape but the animals catch up with them and destroy the whole boat, piece by piece. The three manage to escape by remaining on the wooden skeleton of the boat and rowing as hard as they can. The short film "Caccia alce" is in color and was released in the United States of America on February 20, 1937. Its direction was entrusted to Ben Sharpsteen. The drawings for the realization of the film were not born from the hand of a single animator but of 5 designers: Gerry Geronimo (on other occasions director for Disney), Frenchy De Tremaudan, Jack Kinney (he too worked as director for some short films) , Norman Ferguson and Art Babbitt (whose drawings were also used for the realization of "Fantasia", the famous Disney animated film of 1940).
The Mickey Mouse Parrot (1938)
"Mickey's Parrot" is a short film released by Walt Disney Production dating back to 9 September 1938, the original title of which is "Mickey's Parrot". Made in color, the film has a duration of 7 minutes and is directed by Bill Roberts, one of the directors who participated in the making of the 1940 film about Pinocchio. The Disney characters in the cartoon are Mickey Mouse (voiced by Walt Disney) and Pluto ( voiced as always by Pinto Colvig, the same voice actor as the character of Pippo), flanked by a particular parrot with green and blue feathers which, fallen at night from a packed moving truck, is right in front of Mickey's house. Here, Mickey is in bed in his pajamas reading a good book while Pluto is listening to a story told on the radio. Out of the blue, just as Pluto is almost asleep, the radio broadcasts are interrupted to deliver extraordinary news: a dangerous criminal has escaped from prison. Upon entering the house, the parrot makes loud noises terrifying Pluto and Mickey Mouse, who believe that the runaway bandit is entering their house. Armed with a rifle and courage, a trembling Mickey Mouse wanders around the house in order to find and capture him; Pluto does the same following his canine nose. Ambiguous circumstances will lead Mickey to fight with a pair of old shoes in the cellar and Pluto to collide with a goldfish until he meets the parrot who first acts tough then runs away, but manages to lock the dog in the piano. Suspicious of the din, Mickey goes back upstairs and, for popcorn crackling on the stove, is frightened to the point of starting to shoot, destroying all the furniture in his kitchen. Finally the qui pro quo is clarified: the parrot comes out into the open and it all ends with a good laugh.
Pluto pointe dog (1939)
"Pluto Pointe Dog" is an eight-minute short film dating back to July 1939 directed by Gerry Clyde Geronomi. The original title is "The Pointer" and the protagonists are Mickey and Pluto, together with a varied group of animals, among which an important part is played by a large bear. The short film is made in color and has an important feature: it is the first in which the Mickey Mouse character appears with his eyes drawn in a defined way and no longer as two simple black dots. Mickey is camping and goes hunting accompanied by his faithful friend Pluto, to whom he explains in detail how an impeccable dog must behave: he must remain motionless as soon as he spots birds and rabbits, so as not to frighten the animals and report their presence to the hunter. At the first sighting Pluto contravenes the orders and starts to happily chase a small family of birds arousing the wrath of the master who bitterly reproaches him; but the good Mickey Mouse is unable to sulk at his beloved dog for more than a few seconds, so he decides to explain everything again, showing him how a hunting dog is done by reiterating once again that he must not move, whatever happens . The curiosity towards a worm pushes Pluto to separate from his master, who does not realize that at a certain point he is followed by a bear, no longer by his dog. Left alone, Pluto sees the birds again and, as ordered, freezes but the birds begin to have fun pulling their hairs and tapping them with their beak. Meanwhile, Mickey continues in his search, followed by the bear who becomes more and more nervous. Walking walking, Mickey sees Pluto motionless surrounded by many other animals, including squirrels, skunks and rabbits, and realizes that his dog cannot be behind him. Noticing the bear, he begins to flee, immediately followed by Pluto. Conclusion? The two hunters return disappointed to their tent without game in search of a can of beans, which will be their dinner.
Sea wolf mouse (1950)
Directed by Gerry Clyde Geronomi, one of the directors of the classic and famous film dated February 14, 1950 "Cinderella"," Mickey mouse sea wolf "is a short film by Disney released on April 26, 1940 made in technicolor, whose original title is" Tugboat Mickey ". The protagonist of the short film is the cutest trio of Disney, the one formed by Mickey Mouse (whose drawing appears much more defined than in previous years), Goofy and Donald. The short film "Mickey mouse sea wolf" is the latest in the long series of short films on Mickey Mouse produced by Disney in the 30s which sees the three characters together; in fact, Mickey Mouse , Donald and Goofy will return together only several years later, in feature films. Having become sailors, the three protagonists arrive on their ship and start doing some work here and there. Mickey is intent on painting a tree but a pelican gets between him and painting: first he eats the bucket, then the bristles of the brush. A small battle begins, interrupted by an overwhelming radio news: a ship is sinking and calls for help from all the boats. and that they are in the sea. Mickey Mouse, like a good captain, wants to leave for the rescue and immediately orders the two sailors in the hold to prepare the engines for departure. The scene moves into the hold and here Goofy and Donald will give life to two different gags. Pippo is struggling with the boiler that closes preventing him from inserting the coal necessary to activate the engines while Donald is struggling with mischievous levers and blocked gears. After several difficulties, Pippo will manage to put the coal in the boiler, but there is a problem: he has put too much and the engine overheats. The ship manages to leave, taking with it the quay of the port to which it was still tied, but after a while the boiler bursts and the ship is destroyed. The three sailors find themselves at sea together with the radio and discover that there was no ship to save: the news heard by Mickey Mouse was nothing more than an episode of a radio drama.All names, images and registered trademarks are copyright © Disney and are used here for information and information purposes.