Encanto – the Disney animated film of 2021
Encanto is a musical fantasy animation film, in 3D computer graphics, produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures in 2021. The film is the 60th produced by the studio, it was directed by Jared Bush and Byron Howard , co-directed by Charise Castro Smith , and produced by Yvett Merino and Clark Spencer , with original songs by Lin-Manuel Miranda . The screenplay was written by Castro Smith and Bush, both of whom also came up with the story for the film starring Howard, Miranda, Jason Hand and Nancy Kruse.
The film stars the original voices of Stephanie Beatriz, María Cecilia Botero, John Leguizamo, Mauro Castillo, Jessica Darrow, Angie Cepeda, Carolina Gaitán, Diane Guerrero and Wilmer Valderrama. Encanto tells the story of a multigenerational Colombian family, the Madrigals, headed by a matriarch (Botero) whose children and grandchildren—with the exception of Mirabel Madrigal (Beatriz)—receive magical gifts (talents) from a miracle that helps them serve the people in their rural community called Encanto. When Mirabel discovers that the family is losing their magic, she sets out to find out what is going on and save her family and their magical home.
Encanto premiered at the El Capitan Theater in Los Angeles on November 3, 2021 and opened in the United States on November 24 for a 30-day theatrical run. It was also released in 3D, 2D and D-BOX formats. It grossed over $256 million worldwide against a $120-150 million budget and achieved wider commercial success when it aired on Disney+ on December 24, 2021. Reviews called the magical realism and trauma transgenerational the fundamental concepts of the film. Publications have described Encanto as a cultural phenomenon. The film was nominated for three awards at the 94th Academy Awards , winning Best Animated Feature and receiving numerous other accolades .
The film's soundtrack also became a hit, reaching number one on the US Billboard 200 and UK Compilation Albums charts; ” We Don't Talk About Bruno ” and ” Surface Pressure ” were his two most successful songs, with the former topping both the US Billboard Hot 100 and the UK Singles Chart for several weeks.
An armed conflict forces Pedro and Alma Madrigal, a young married couple, to flee their native village in Colombia with their triplets, Julieta, Pepa and Bruno. The attackers kill Pedro, but Alma's candle magically repels the attackers and creates Casita, a sentient home for the family located in Encanto, a magical realm, bordered by high mountains.
Fifty years later, a new village thrives under the protection of the candle and its magic grants "gifts" to each descendant of Madrigal at the age of five which they use to serve the villagers. However, Bruno, maligned and scapegoated for his gift of seeing the future, disappeared ten years earlier, while Julieta's youngest daughter, XNUMX-year-old Mirabel, has mysteriously received no gift.
On the evening that Pepa's youngest son, 5-year-old Antonio, gains the ability to communicate with animals, Mirabel suddenly sees Casita crack and the candle flame flicker, but her warnings go unheeded as Casita appears intact to the others. After hearing Alma praying, Mirabel decides to save the miracle magic. The next day, she talks to her very strong older sister, Luisa, who confesses that she feels overwhelmed by her almost constant obligations, so she suggests that Bruno's room, in a forbidden tower in Casita, could explain the phenomenon. .
There, Mirabel discovers a cave and barely gets out of it holding a few pieces of a dull emerald glass plate. Outside, Luisa finds her gift weakening. After her family reminds her why Bruno is being vilified, Mirabel puts the glass back together and sees a picture of her with Casita cracking behind her.
Later that evening, Mirabel's older sister Isabela, who can grow plants and flowers at will, is supposed to be engaged to neighbor Mariano Guzmán. Between Mariano's proposal and an awkward dinner, Pepa's daughter Dolores, who possesses superhuman hearing, reveals Mirabel's discovery to everyone, causing Casita to break down again, ruining the night and Mariano's proposal when Pepa, who controls time, inadvertently evokes a downpour.
Amidst the chaos, Mirabel follows a group of mice and discovers a secret passageway behind a portrait where she discovers Bruno hiding. Bruno reveals that he never left the house and that the vision changes between saving Mirabel and cracking Casita, making him believe she holds the key to Casita's magic. Bruno to avoid the displeasure of Mirabel, interrupts the vision and disappears. In Antonio's room, Bruno reluctantly conjures another vision resembling the previous one, along with Mirabel embracing Isabela and strengthening the candle.
Mirabel madrigal : the XNUMX-year-old protagonist who, unlike her family, does not have a special gift. Director Jared Bush described her as "flawed, weird and bizarre, but also deeply emotional and incredibly empathetic"
Abuela Alma Madrigal: Mirabel's 75-year-old grandmother and family matriarch. Her full name is not indicated in the film.
Bruno Madrigal : Mirabel's 50-year-old ostracized uncle who has the ability to see the future.
Isabela Madrigal : Mirabel's older sister, who is 21 and can make flowers bloom anywhere. Director Byron Howard described it as 'perfect' and 'a hit'
Louise Madrigal: Mirabel's second eldest sister, who is 19 years old, has superhuman strength, and is the tallest in the family. Co-writer Charise Castro Smith described Luisa as someone who "carries all the burdens and never complains"
Felix Madrigal: Mirabel's uncle and Pepa's husband. Bush claimed that Félix is "just there to have fun!".
Julieta Madrigal: Mirabel's XNUMX-year-old mother and Agustín's wife who can heal people with her cooking. Cepeda reprises her role in the Spanish and Italian dubs of the film.
Pepper Madrigal: Mirabel's XNUMX-year-old aunt and Félix's wife whose mood controls the weather. She often creates rain and storms due to her strong emotions.
Agustin Madrigal: Mirabel's father and Julieta's husband, who Bush described as "accident-prone"
Camilo Madrigal: Pepa and Félix's 15-year-old son, Dolores and Antonio's brother, and Mirabel's cousin who can shapeshift. Castro Smith Says Camilo Is Someone Who 'Not Quite Knowing Who He Is Yet'
Antonio Madrigal: 5-year-old son of Pepa and Félix, brother of Dolores and Camilo and cousin of Mirabel who has acquired the ability to speak and understand animals. He looks up to her Mirabel and considers her an older sister
Dolores Madrid: the 21-year-old daughter of Pepa and Félix, the sister of Camilo and Antonio and the cousin of Mirabel, who has super hearing.
Mariano guzman, Isabela's boyfriend and neighbor of the Madrigal family.
Early in development, the production team spoke to many therapists and psychologists. Everyone was asked who would be treated best by their parents in a family of four; each answer was different. Bush concluded, "It's about how you perceive yourself in the family." The crew also consulted with family members and Disney Animation staff.
Howard and Bush began extensive discussions about Latin American culture with Juan Rendon and Natalie Osma, who had previously worked with them on the documentary Imagining Zootopia. Rendon and Osma were both from Colombia and repeatedly drew on their personal experiences with Colombian culture in their discussions, which caused Howard, Bush, and Miranda to focus their research on that country. Rendon and Osma became the first two of several cultural experts hired by Disney Animation as consultants on the film, who collectively formed what Disney called the "Colombian Cultural Trust."
In 2018, Rendon and Osma accompanied Howard, Bush and Miranda on a research trip to Colombia. During their two weeks in the country, they met with architects, chefs and artisans to immerse themselves in the country's culture. They also visited the Gabriel García Márquez foundation. They visited big cities like Bogota and Cartagena, but found inspiration in small towns like Salento (terrain) and Barichara (architecture). Bush noted that "each town we went to had a very specific personality," due to how the country's mountainous terrain divides and isolates them.
As the film became more and more complex, with an entire family to develop, more songs, and a rich cultural milieu with a deep tradition of magical realism, Howard and Bush realized they needed a second screenwriter to help write the screenplay. They selected Charise Castro Smith because of her strong background in magical realism and her experience dealing with "real world family dynamics." Bush described her as a "godsend", as she provided "a foundation of heart, vulnerability and authenticity". Castro Smith sought to create a distinct, flawed, fully human character in Mirabel who spoke to the lives of many Latinas while being relatable to viewers around the world.
Encanto was the “hardest film” to date for animation heads Renato dos Anjos and Kira Lehtomaki because they were asked to fully develop a dozen characters, unlike other animated films that mostly feature two or three characters out of a large cast. As a result, the characters required a degree of complexity that Disney Animation had never before achieved. Journalist Edna Liliana Valencia Murillo served as the Afro-Caribbean consultant and contributed greatly to the projects of Félix, Dolores and Antonio. According to Howard, some characters' Afro-Latino hairstyles were essential. Neysa and Lorelay Bové, the costume designer and associate production designer, respectively, hoped to represent the film's diverse communities well. Neysa requested Colombian consultants, including an anthropologist and a botanist.
The animators were challenged by the directors to make Mirabel distinctly different from all previous Disney heroines; she had to be both capable and flawed, but not merely clumsy. La Casita was inspired not only by traditional Colombian houses, but also by films in which houses come to life, most notably Beetlejuice (1988).
The production team learned in their research that music, dance and rhythm are fundamental elements of daily life in Colombia. As a result, Encanto was the first Disney Animation film to have choreographers involved in the development process from start to finish, meaning they worked closely with the production team to develop songs, characters and story.
Original language English
Country of Production United States of America
Duration 102 minutes
Gender animation, comedy, musical, drama, fantasy
Regia Byron Howard, Jared Bush
co-director Charise Castro Smith
Subject One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Byron Howard, Charise Castro Smith and Lin-Manuel Miranda
Film script Jared Bush, Charise Castro Smith, Lin-Manuel Miranda
Producer Clark Spencer, Yvett Merino Flores
Executive producer J
Production house Walt Disney Pictures, Walt Disney Animation Studios
Distribution in Italian The Walt Disney Company Italy
Editor Tim Mertens
Music Germain Franco, Lin-Manuel Miranda (songs)
Original voice actors
Stephanie Beatriz as Mirabel Madrigal
María Cecilia Botero: Abuela Alma Madrigal (dialogues)
Olga Merediz: Abuela Alma Madrigal (singing)
Wilmer ValderramaAgustin Madrigal
Adassa: Dolores Madrigal
Diane Guerrero as Isabela Madrigal
Mauro Castillo as Felix Madrigal
Angie Cepeda as Julieta Madrigal
Jessica Darrow as Luisa Madrigal
Rhenzy Feliz as Camilo Madrigal
Carolina Gaitán: Pepa Madrigal
Ravi-Cabot Conyers: Antonio Madrigal
John LeguizamoBruno Madrigal
Maluma: Mariano Guzman
Alan Tudyk - Pico the toucan
Noemi Josefina Flores as Mirabel Madrigal (girl)
Italian voice actors
Margherita De Risi: Mirabel Madrigal
Franca D'Amato as Abuela Alma Madrigal
Nanni BaldiniAgustin Madrigal
Ilaria De Rosa as Dolores Madrigal
Angie Cepeda as Julieta Madrigal
Alessia Amendola as Luisa Madrigal
Diana Del Bufalo as Isabela Madrigal
Luca Zingaretti as Bruno Madrigal
Álvaro Soler as Camilo Madrigal
Renata Fusco as Pepa Madrigal
Francesco Infussi: Antonio Madrigal
Fabrizio Vidale: Felix Madrigal
Gianfranco Miranda: Mariano Guzmán
Emmanuel Curtil - Pico the toucan
Charlotte Infussi: Mirabel Madrigal (girl)