Detective Conan (in the original Japanese: 名探偵 コナン, Hepburn: Meitantei Konan”), is a Japanese detective manga written and illustrated by Gosho Aoyama. It has been serialized in Shogakukan's shōnen manga magazine Weekly Shōnen Sunday since January 1994, with its chapters collected into 102 tankōbon volumes as of September 2022. Due to legal issues with the name Detective Conan, Funimation's English-language releases and Viz Media were rebranded to Case Closed. The story follows high school detective Shinichi Kudo, whose body has been transformed into that of a school-age child, as he investigates a mysterious organization. Conan solved a multitude of cases by impersonating his childhood best friend's father and various other characters.
The manga was adapted into an anime television series by Yomiuri Telecasting Corporation and TMS Entertainment, which premiered in January 1996. The anime has produced animated feature films, original video animations, video games, audio disc releases, and episodes live action. Funimation licensed the anime series for broadcast in North America in 2003 under the name Case Closed with the characters given Americanized names. The anime premiered on Adult Swim but was put on hiatus due to low ratings.
In Italy the anime was broadcast by the Mediaset networks between 2002 and 2012 reaching 541 episodes, divided into 592 by Mediaset given the duration of some much longer episodes called "specials", while from 2013 to 2016 it was broadcast by Super! starting from episode 543 (594 according to the Italian numbering), skipping episode 542 (593), then broadcast by Mediaset in 2014. Since 2014, episodes from 543 (594) have also been published on TIMvision, the paid platform for viewing via IPTV or the Internet, including three non-broadcast episodes from Super! previously. The broadcast reached episode 724 (776 according to the Italian numbering), later De Agostini, publisher of Super!, announced that it would not order the dubbing of new episodes.
In Italy, the adaptation of the anime was handled by Merak Film on behalf of both Mediaset and De Agostini. 776 episodes were dubbed, 724 according to the original numbering, which varies in that the one- and two-hour special episodes are divided into approximately 20-minute parts.
In the United States in March 2013, Funimation began streaming their licensed episodes of Case Closed; Crunchyroll simulcast them in 2014. Funimation also localized the first six Case Closed films, while Discotek Media localized the Lupine III crossover special, the film's sequel, and a few recent films, starting with Case Closed Episode One. Meanwhile, the manga was localized by Viz Media, who used the title and character names changed by Funimation. Shogakukan Asia made their own localized English version of the manga, which used the original title and Japanese names.
The tankōbon volumes of the manga had over 270 million copies in circulation worldwide by January 2023, making it the third best-selling manga series of all time. In 2001, the manga received the 46th Shogakukan Manga Award in the shōnen category. The anime adaptation was well received and ranked in the top twenty in Animage polls between 1996 and 2001. In Japan's anime television rankings, Case Closed episodes ranked in the top six weekly. Both the manga and the anime have had positive critical response for the storyline and the cases. The manga has been sold to 25 countries, while the anime has been broadcast in 40 countries.
Shinichi Kudo is a high school detective who sometimes works with the police to solve cases. During an investigation, he is ambushed and incapacitated by a member of a crime syndicate known as the Black Organization. In an attempt to kill the young detective, they force-fed him a dangerous experimental drug. However, instead of killing him, he shrinks her body to the size of an elementary school kid. Adopting the alias Conan Edogawa and keeping his true identity a secret, Kudo lives with his childhood friend Rachel Moore (Ran Mori) and his father Richard (Kogoro Mori), who is a private investigator. Throughout the series, he follows Richard's cases.
However, after Kudo solves one, he will use Dr. Agasa's hidden tranquilizer to sedate Richard and then use a voice changer to simulate his voice to reveal the solution. He also enrolls in Teitan Elementary School where he befriends a group of classmates who form their own Junior Detective League (Detective Boys). As he continues to delve deeper into the Black Organization, he frequently interacts with other characters, including his neighbor Dr. Agasa, Ran's friend Serena Sebastian (Sonoko Suzuki), fellow teen detective Harley Hartwell. (Heiji Hattori) , assorted police detectives from different regions, and a phantom thief called Kaito Kid.
Kudo later meets an elementary school transfer student, Anita Hailey (Ai Haibara), who is revealed to be a former member of the Black Organization codenamed "Sherry" and the creator of the experimental drug that shrunk him. She too had ingested it to evade the organization's pursuit. He soon joins the junior detectives. During a rare encounter with the Black Organization, Conan helps the FBI plant a CIA agent, Kir, within the Black Organization as a spy.
Detective Conan was conceived in 1994, during the rise of mystery manga due to the publication of The Kindaichi Case Files series. The first chapter appeared in Shogakukan's Weekly Shōnen Sunday on January 19 . While writing each chapter, he makes sure that the dialogue remains simple and that he can spend an average of four hours on each new case and twelve on more complicated ones.
Aoyama's older brother is a scientist who helps him with the "gimmicks" of the series. Each case spans several chapters (with the exception of a handful of shorter cases that cover only one), and is solved at the end where the characters explain the details of their solutions in simple terms.
An online database consisting of all cases from the manga was launched in 2007. Aoyama and his staff decided to automate the manga creation process in early 2011, although he still draws with pen and paper. The change began with the last page of chapter 760.
Author Goshō Aoyama
Magazine Weekly Shōnen Sunday
Date 1st edition January 19, 1994 - ongoing
Periodicity half yearly
Tankōbon 102 (in progress)
Italian publisher Comic Art, Kabuki Publishing, Star Comics
Date 1st Italian edition August 1998 - ongoing
Italian periodicity monthly (vol. 1-61), bimonthly (vol. 62-72), quarterly (vol. 73-94), semi-annual (vol. 95+)
Volumes it. 101 (in progress)
Texts it. Laura Anselmino (Star Comics, translation), Rie Zushi (Star Comics, translation), Edith Gallon (Star Comics, adaptation), Guglielmo Signora (Star Comics, text adaptation), Alessandra Fregosi (Star Comics, lettering)
Anime TV series
Regia Kenji Kodama, Yasuichiro Yamamoto
Producer Michihiko Suwa, Masahito Yoshioka
Composition series Jun'ichi Miyashita, Kanji Kashiwabara, Toshiki Inoue, Yūichi Higurashi, Gōshō Aoyama
character design Masatomo Sudo, Mari Tominaga
Artistic direction Yukihiro Shibutani
Music Katsuo Ono
Studio TMS Entertainment
Network YTV, NTV, Animax
Date 1st TV January 8, 1996 - ongoing
Episodes 1078 (ongoing) (31 seasons)
Relationship 4:3 (ep. 1-452)
16:9 (ep. 453+)
Episode duration 24 min (excluding some special one-hour or two-hour episodes)
Italian publisher EXA Cinema – Fool Frame (DVD), De Agostini (DVD)
Italian network Italy 1 (ep. 1-449, 491-522), Hiro (ep. 450-490), Italy 2 (ep. 523-542), Super! (ep. 543-723)
Date 1st Italian TV May 13, 2002 - ongoing
1st stream it. TIMvision (ep. 724)
Dialogues it. Manuela Scaglione, Chiara Serafin, Cristina Robustelli, Oliviero Corbetta, Bianca Maria De Rossi, Marina Mocetti Spagnuolo
Double studio it. Merak Film
Director double it. Loredana Nicosia, Guido Rutta (st. 3), Oliviero Corbetta (st. 3), Graziano Galoforo (st. 5-6), Caterina Rochira (st. 11-18)